Coincides With Birth of California-Grown Specialty Coffee Industry
By Pat Bailey. Updated May 18, 2018 in Food & Agriculture
COFFEE IS ONE OF THE LARGEST commodity crops in the world, with people consuming more than 2.25 billion cups every day. Climate change is predicted to decrease the area suitable for growing coffee by as much as 50 percent by 2050. Differences in temperature and rainfall patterns are already making the crop more susceptible to diseases and pests.
But researchers at the University of California, Davis, have taken a major step that could lead to the development of new disease-resistant varieties adaptable to climate change.
In 2017, UC Davis geneticists sequenced the Coffea arabica genome and released it to the public for the first time. Coffea arabica is a species responsible for 70 percent of global coffee production.