Computational pioneer Berni Alder, a retired physicist from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and professor emeritus in the Department of Applied Science at the University of California, Davis, has received the National Medal of Science.
President Obama on Thursday named Alder and eight other eminent researchers as recipients of the National Medal of Science, the highest honor bestowed by the United States government on scientists, engineers, and inventors. The awards will be presented Oct. 7 at a White House ceremony.
“These scientists, engineers and inventors are national icons, embodying the very best of American ingenuity and inspiring a new generation of thinkers and innovators,” President Obama said. “Their extraordinary achievements strengthen our nation everyday — not just intellectually and technologically, but economically, by helping create new industries and opportunities that others before them could never have imagined.”
Alder is widely regarded as the founder of molecular dynamics, a type of computer simulation used for studying the motions and interactions of atoms over time. He changed kinetic molecular theory by showing that simulations can significantly affect a scientific field. In 1980, Alder was one of the pioneers who used large-scale simulations to solve quantum mechanics problems.
"Professor Alder has changed the way we understand fluids, providing insights that affect multiple fields of research that touch all our lives," said Bruce R. White, dean of the College of Engineering. "This is yet another prestigious recognition of Professor Alder's world class achievements in molecular dynamics calculations and statistical mechanics."
The National Medal of Science was created by statute in 1959 and is administered for the White House by the National Science Foundation. Awarded annually, the medal recognizes individuals who have made outstanding contributions to science and engineering. Nominees are selected by a committee of presidential appointees based on their advanced knowledge in, and contributions to, the biological, behavioral/social, and physical sciences, as well as chemistry, engineering, computing and mathematics.
Alder did his undergraduate work at UC Berkeley and, in the late 1940s, studied for his Ph.D. at the California Institute of Technology, where he met computer designer Stan Frankel. Using CalTech’s mechanical computers, Alder and Frankel developed a computer technique, now called the Monte Carlo method, for calculating results from random sampling.
Today, molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods are widely used across a wide range of sciences, from fundamental physics to molecular biology. But at the time of Alder’s work, those methods marked a radical change in how scientists thought about such problems.
“It certainly exceeded any expectation I had to how far we could go and how big the computers would get,” Alder said. “In the early days, we could do 100 particles in one hour on the Univac. Now, we can now do a trillion particles in an hour.”
Alder now works with the Livermore lab’s Quantum Simulations Group. At 84, Alder still works three afternoons a week at Livermore and two afternoons a week at UC Berkeley. “There are still problems I would like to solve. At Livermore there are some young people who are willing to work with me and help me solve some of these problems.”
Alder continued developing his ideas at UC Berkeley and became a consultant to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory when it opened in 1952 under Edward Teller’s leadership. At the time, the connection to Livermore provided access to some of the only electronic computers in the nation. Alder joined the national lab full time in 1955 and published his pioneering work on molecular dynamics in 1956.
In 1963, Alder helped found the UC Davis Department of Applied Science, which offers undergraduate and graduate programs in physical sciences and engineering at UC Davis and at Livermore.
Among numerous other honors, he also is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and last year was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
This year’s other recipients of the National Medal of Science are:
- Francis Collins, National Institutes of Health, MD
- Joanna Fowler, Brookhaven National Laboratory, NY
- Elaine Fuchs, The Rockefeller University, NY
- James Gunn, Princeton University, NJ
- Rudolf Kalman, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
- Michael Posner, University of Oregon, OR
- JoAnne Stubbe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA
- J. Craig Venter, J. Craig Venter Institute, MD & CA
About UC Davis
For 100 years, UC Davis has engaged in teaching, research and public service that matter to California and transform the world. Located close to the state capital, UC Davis has 31,000 students, an annual research budget that exceeds $500 million, a comprehensive health system and 13 specialized research centers. The university offers interdisciplinary graduate study and more than 100 undergraduate majors in four colleges — Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Biological Sciences, Engineering, and Letters and Science — and advanced degrees from six professional schools — Education, Law, Management, Medicine, Veterinary Medicine and the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing.